UK probe into India Golden Temple attack ‘role’


The storming of the Golden Temple, codenamed Operation Blue Star, was aimed at flushing out Sikh separatists

The storming of the Golden Temple, codenamed Operation Blue Star, was aimed at flushing out Sikh separatists

British PM David Cameron has ordered a probe into claims by an MP that Margaret Thatcher’s government assisted India in the controversial raid on the Golden Temple in Amritsar 1984.

Tom Watson told the BBC Asian Network that he had seen documents released after 30 years to back up his claim.

The storming of the Golden Temple was aimed at flushing out Sikh separatists.

The deadly raid outraged Sikhs around the world who accused troops of desecrating the faith’s holiest shrine.

The Indian government said about 400 people were killed in the raid – codenamed Operation Blue Star – including 87 soldiers. Sikh groups dispute this figure and say thousands died, including a large number of pilgrims who were visiting the temple.

The Sikh separatists demanded an independent homeland – called Khalistan – in Punjab.

Mr Watson, MP for West Bromwich East, said he has seen “top secret papers from Mrs Thatcher authorising Special Air Services (SAS) to work with the Indian government”.


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Storming of the Golden Temple

  • 1982: Armed Sikh militants, led by Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, take up residence in the Golden Temple complex
  • 3-8 June 1984: The Indian army attacks the Golden Temple, killing Bhindranwale, his supporters and a number of civilians
  • 31 October 1984: Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi who had given the go-ahead to Operation Blue Star, was assassinated by two Sikh bodyguards
  • November 1984: More than 3,000 are killed in anti-Sikh riots across India

The Press Trust of India quoted a UK government spokesperson as saying that the events [attack on Golden Temple] “led to a tragic loss of life and we understand the very legitimate concerns that these papers will raise”.

“The Prime Minister has asked the Cabinet Secretary to look into this case urgently and establish the facts,” the statement said, adding that the prime minister and Foreign Secretary “were unaware of these papers prior to publication”.

Mr Watson has cited two letters which have only just been released after 30 years and published on the blog Stop Deportations.

One, dated 6 February 1984 from the prime minister’s office, talks about the “Indian request for advice on plans for the removal of dissident Sikhs from the Golden Temple”. It states that the prime minister is “content that the Foreign Secretary should proceed as he proposes”.

The other letter, dated 23 February 1984 said “the foreign secretary decided to respond favourably to the Indian request and, with the prime minister’s agreement, an SAD officer has visited India and drawn up a plan which has been approved by Mrs Gandhi. The foreign secretary believes that the Indian government may put the plan into operation shortly”.

It appears that the writer committed a typographical error in mentioning SAS as SAD in the letter.

The attack on the temple took place in June 1984.

Mr Watson said the government appears to have “held back” some documents and must disclose more information.

“I think British Sikhs and all those concerned about human rights will want to know exactly the extent of Britain’s collusion with this period and this episode and will expect some answers from the Foreign Secretary,” Mr Watson told BBC Asian Network.

“But trying to hide what we did, not coming clean, I think would be a very grave error and I very much hope that the Foreign Secretary will… reveal the documents that exist and give an explanation to the House of Commons and to the country about the role of Britain at that very difficult time for Sikhism and Sikhs,” Mr Watson added.

Operation Blue Star led to the assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, who was killed by her Sikh bodyguards in revenge.


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